It is commonly accepted that there are 5 skin types: normal, combination, dry, oily and sensitive (more recently added to the list). It is also common for your skin type to change with time. Your skin type is determined by how much sebum your skin produces. Sebum influences not only how oily your skin can get, but it also influences your water loss rate, and therefore how quickly your skin gets dry!
Normal skin is balanced in terms of moisture: it produces enough natural oil to keep the skin smooth and soft and retains enough water that it stays moist. Normal skin doesn’t mean “perfect skin”, it just means that you tend to have fewer skin issues.
Your skin is normal if:
- It does not get too oily and not too dry;
- It does not feel tight or dry at touch;
- Small to almost invisible pores;
- Minor to No breakouts.
Combination skin is oily in some areas, while dry in other areas. The most common pattern is an oily T-zone and dry cheeks, though it can occur in different patterns as well.
Your skin is combination if:
- Pores are enlarged in the oily areas;
- More prone to blackheads and breakouts in the oily areas;
- Sometimes you experience flakiness in the dry areas.
The perfect products for you are “balancing” products, which are designed to keep your oily areas under control without drying out the dry areas. The key is light layers of hydration, as this provides moisture to dry areas without weighing down oily areas. If the differences between the two areas are extreme you might want to look into using different products for different areas.
Dry skin is characterised by an underproduction of sebum and inability of water retention.
Your skin is dry if:
- It feels tight;
- It feels dry and rough to touch;
- Wrinkles and fine lines appear more pronounced.
Oily skin is characterized by an overproduction of sebum – shiny skin and slick to the touch.
Your skin is oily if:
- Your face is oily and shiny throughout the day, especially towards the end;
- Your pores appear enlarged;
- Breakouts and Blackheads are frequent.
Oily skin benefits the most from Double-Cleansing, using gentle facial cleansers instead of harsh, stripping (no matter how tempted you may feel). Moisturising is key – avoid heavier creams but do not avoid light moisturiser both AM and PM.
Sensitive skin can vary and it usually can manifest in a lot of different ways. There are people who naturally have sensitive skin (not affected by season, allergies etc), and there are also people whose skin can be easily compromised and become sensitive.
Your skin is sensitive if:
- It becomes easily red;
- You get burning sensations;
Sensitive skin is difficult to deal with, however with perseverance and patience you can find the right products for yourself. Avoid harsh ingredients and products containing essential oils and drying alcohols. Look for gentle, low pH products, especially those containing ceramides, niacinamide, panthenol and fatty acids which will strengthen your skin barrier and in turn make your skin less reactive to outside irritants.
How to determine your skin type?
- Wash your face and pat dry. Do not apply any skincare, as this will interfere with your skin’s normal state.
- Wait for an hour.
- Once the time is up, examine your skin and decide which of the above skin types matches your skin!
We are all different and unique in our own ways, and that is what makes us special!
If you are unsure of what products will best suit your skin type, you can always book a Free Skincare Consultation with us.
🌸Stay Healthy, Stay Beautiful🌸
- “Korean Beauty Secrets: A Practical guide to Cutting-Edge Skincare&Makeup” by Kerry Thompson & Coco Park